Arias is charged with killing Travis Alexander, her secret lover. In June of 2008, after hours of lovemaking, Arias killed Alexander. He had been shot in the head, stabbed nearly 30 times, and his throat slit. The question is not whether Arias committed murder, but why?
For three days last week, a domestic-violence expert witness for the defense named Alyce LaViolette held her own against prosecutor Juan Martinez’s cross-examination. In cyberspace LaViolette did not fare as well -- she was annihilated.
By midweek, more than 700 people had panned her book in scathing reviews calling LaViolette a fraud and a disgrace.
Outraged Jodi-philes called organizations that had booked LaViolette for speaking engagements, trying to persuade them to cancel her appearances.
“It’s the electronic version of a lynch mob,” retired Maricopa County Superior Court Judge Kenneth Fields told the Arizona Republic.
Sree Sreenivasan, professor of journalism at Columbia University, said “This is a logical extension of witness intimidation, taken to an extreme conclusion.”
Is the Arias trial a glimpse into the future? Using social media to influence or intimidate witnesses. Well, the future is now.
Criminals have discovered that Facebook is a great tool for witness intimidation. There are a growing number of intimidation cases involving Facebook. Prosecutors have come down hard on those who turn to social media to discourage others from cooperating with police and prosecutors.
In two separate cases in Pennsylvania, prosecutors have brought charges of witness intimidation for threats posted on Facebook.
Philadelphia district attorney Seth Williams recently wrote a letter to Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg, insisting that the social media site take down a Philadelphia user’s postings which Williams says threaten a witness in a pending gun case.
Some of the posts were taken down, but images of gang members calling for all “rats” to be killed “point blank period” remain.
Can the general public, fans of a trial, collectively, and criminally, intimidate a witness? Judge Fields said, "If it's just the general public and there's no intention (by the prosecution), then there's nothing to be done about it."
The chilling effect of a community of Jodi-philes attacking the credibility of a professional who testifies at trial is not yet fully understood. The impact on future trials of the “slash and burn” media-mob needs rigorous analysis.
At a minimum, the Arias trial has done nothing to enhance the justification for cameras in the courtroom.
(Top image: Alyce LaViolette returns evidence to prosecutor Juan Martinez during cross examination in the Jodi Arias trial in Phoenix on April 10, 2013. David Wallace/The Arizona Republic)
Matthew T. Mangino is of counsel with Luxenberg, Garbett, Kelly & George, P.C. He is the former district attorney of Lawrence County and just completed a six year term on the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole. His weekly column on crime and punishment is syndicated by GateHouse New Service. You can read his musings on the criminal justice system at www.mattmangino.com and follow Matt on Twitter @MatthewTMangino.